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Consolidated PBY Catalina references, articles and publications

Image of Soviet Naval Aviation 1946-1991

Soviet Naval Aviation 1946-1991

Yefim Gordon

Early in the 20th century, shortly after military aviation came on the scene, Imperialist Russia started using aircraft to support the operations of the Russian Navy. Rapid development of naval aviation continued after the October Revolution of 1917 and Soviet naval airmen flying fighters and torpedo-bombers made a significant contribution to the defeat of Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War.

Yet the heyday of Soviet Naval Aviation (or AVMF) was in the post-war years. While in the late 1940s the AVMF relied largely on indigenous and American propeller-driven aircraft that had survived the fray, in the 1950s the naval airmen began mastering jets. The AVMF units started re-equipping with Il yushin IL-28 Beagle twinjet bombers and were the sole operator of the Tupolev Tu-14 Bosun torpedo-bomber.

In the 1960s the AVMF kept a close watch on the world s oceans with the help of its Tu-95RTs Bear-D long-range maritime reconnaissance/over-the-horizon targeting aircraft which transmitted the coordinates of NATO warships not only to the General Staff in Moscow but also to Soviet submarines armed with torpedoes.

The AVMF s fighter element s primary mission was to protect Soviet Navy bases and naval task forces at sea and as technology progressed, the 1950s-vintage Mikoyan MiG-15bis Fagot-B and MiG-17F Fresco-C subsonic fighters were superseded by various versions of the supersonic MiG-21 Fishbed, MiG-29 Fulcrum and Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker fourth-generation fighters in the final years of the Soviet era.

Along with a chapter devoted to the Soviet aircraft carriers, Soviet Naval Aviation is the definitive reference book of the Soviet maritime presence, both on the sea and in the air.

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In Praise of the Consolidated PBY... The Magnificat

Volume 38, January 1989, Air Enthusiast

Gordon Swanborough , William Green

Introducing a two-part history, by the editors, of the Catalina, the most produced flying boat of all time

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Island 'Cats': Commercial Catalina Operations in New Guinea Part one

Volume 92, March 2001, Air Enthusiast

Paul Howard

Catalina flying-boats of the RAAF, US Navy and RNZAF were very familiar sights during the dark days of World War Two in and around the Australian Territory of Papua and New Guinea (TPNG). Since then, many heroic, inspiring and sad tales of their time in those skies, have been published in volumes on this versatile aircraft, some by veterans themselves. Suffice it to say that as far as the RAAF was concerned, the service took delivery of 168 examples of the Catalina during the war,

many of which were involved on missions in the theatre. Five series of the model were incorporated in this total, comprising: PBY-4 (2), PBY-5 (66), PBY-5A (46), PB2B-1 (7) and PB2B-2 (47). When hostilities ended, squadrons were withdrawn and disbanded, leaving a sole flight in New Guinea, the 111 ASR Squadron, with two examples, based at Madang. The squadron relocated to the capital Port Moresby in March 1946 until it was withdrawn in January 1947. During this period, the Administrator of the...

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Image of PBY Catalina Pilot's Flight Operating Instructions

PBY Catalina Pilot's Flight Operating Instructions

United States Navy

One of the most widely-used multi-role Allied aircraft of WWII, Consolidated's PBY Catalina was a flying boat to be reckoned with. They were used as anti- submarine warfare platforms in the Atlantic, and gained notoriety in the Pacific as rescue and reconnaissance platforms, and as bombers. With their distinctive fuselages painted the shade of midnight, the "Black Cats" undertook daring raids of Japanese shipping and shore installations. Originally printed by the U.S. Navy during World War 2, this flight handbook taught pilots everything they needed to know before entering the cockpit. Classified "Restricted", the manual was recently declassified and is here reprinted in book form. This affordable facsimile has been slightly reformatted. Care has been taken to preserve the integrity of the text.

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Image of Patrol and ASW Aircraft of the Argentine Navy Vol. I

Patrol and ASW Aircraft of the Argentine Navy Vol. I

Santiago L Aversa

A study of the Argentine's Navy Patrol and ASW Aircraft, 1921-1960. From airships to the Lockheed Neptune. First volume of a two volume set.

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US Aircraft in the British Services 1914-55

Volume 18, Issue 08, 1956, Air Pictorial

Bruce Robertson

"THE first British air mission in America, 10 Apnl 1938, included among its  members Air Cmdre. A. T. Harris (later to become C.-in-C. of Bomber Command) and Sir Henry Self, who remained in America to give vital service in the later purchasing commissions.
The mission visited the entire American industry and found it in a worse state of depression than Britain's had been before the rearmament programme. The  industry was only too ready to receive the British mission, and a measure of this  readiness is provided by the story of its visit to the Lockheed company.
One of the types of aircraft the mission wanted to purchase was a  reconnaissance bomber for Coastal Command. Lockheed had nothing  suitable to offer, but asked for forty-eight hours in which to produce a design based on their existing Model 14 commercial transport. Two days later, the commission were amazed to find a full-size mock-up of the proposed bomber; it was accepted and an order placed for 200-the flrst...

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Brazil -1 , U-199 -0: Brazil's Anti-Submarine War

Volume 56, December 1994, Air Enthusiast

the sinking of the U-199 in the South Atlantic and the career of the Catalina in Brazil.

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Image of Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina - Walk Around No. 60

Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina - Walk Around No. 60

Walk around series David Doyle

The Consolidated PBY is the most readily recognized and widely produced flying boat design ever made. The aircraft, which came to be known as the Catalina, has it origins in Consolidated's 1932 Model 28. The US Navy began taking deliveries of the PBY-5A in October 1941 and then placed orders for over 600 more following Pearl Harbor. During WWII, PBYs conducted anti-submarine warfare, patrol bombing, convoy escort, search-and-rescue operations, and cargo transport. Some PBY-5As went to the US Army and others to US Allies - Australia, Britain, Canada and the Free French forces. This book presents a comprehensive view of the Catalina with 170 photographs, color profiles and detailed line drawings. 72 pages.

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Image of Consolidated PBY Catalina (Warpaint, 79)

Consolidated PBY Catalina (Warpaint no 79)

Warpaint Books Charles Stafrace

72 pages. The PBY Catalina was the best known flying boat of WWII. Remembered for its ruggedness and resilience, it is no wonder that from its introduction in US Navy service in 1936 and throughout its continued use by other air forces into the 1980s, it distinguished itself as one of the most versatile military aircraft ever built. Conceived as a patrol bomber, during its military lifetime it carried out such disparate duties as torpedo bomber, convoy escort, anti-submarine warfare, long-range reconnaissance, SAR, night bombing, level bombing and strafing. The Catalina was built both as a flying boat and as an amphibian, and owing to it continued use after the war in both military and civil roles, its fame has only increased. Illustrated with full color artwork and profiles, detailed scale drawings and more than 120 photographs.

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Image of Consolidated PBY Catalina (Warpaint, 79)

Consolidated PBY Catalina (Warpaint no 79)

Warpaint Books Charles Stafrace

72 pages. The PBY Catalina was the best known flying boat of WWII. Remembered for its ruggedness and resilience, it is no wonder that from its introduction in US Navy service in 1936 and throughout its continued use by other air forces into the 1980s, it distinguished itself as one of the most versatile military aircraft ever built. Conceived as a patrol bomber, during its military lifetime it carried out such disparate duties as torpedo bomber, convoy escort, anti-submarine warfare, long-range reconnaissance, SAR, night bombing, level bombing and strafing. The Catalina was built both as a flying boat and as an amphibian, and owing to it continued use after the war in both military and civil roles, its fame has only increased. Illustrated with full color artwork and profiles, detailed scale drawings and more than 120 photographs.

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No. 62 - PBY Catalina in Action

Aircraft in Action USN (Ret.) Captain W. E. Scarborough

In 1932, with P2Y deliveries underway, the Navy announced a design competition for a new patrol flying boat, specifying a performance envelope that would significantly extend fleet capabilities. The new P-boat was to have a 3,000 mile range at a cruising speed of 100 mph and a maximum gross weight of 25,000 lbs. - nearly twice that of the XPY-1. Mac Lad-don and the Consolidated engineering team welcomed the challenge of a new design effort, confident that the experience gained during the development of the P2Y and its record breaking performance in fleet operations assured a high probability of success for the new design. The results of their effort was a radical new seaplane, unique enough in design to qualify for a patent (No. 92912 in Mac Laddon's name was issued by the U.S. Patent Office on 31 July 1934). Following a preliminary review of the proposal, the Navy on 28 October 1933, awarded a contract to Consolidated for further development of the design and construction of a...

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No. 62 - PBY Catalina in Action

Aircraft in Action USN (Ret.) Captain W. E. Scarborough

In 1932, with P2Y deliveries underway, the Navy announced a design competition for a new patrol flying boat, specifying a performance envelope that would significantly extend fleet capabilities. The new P-boat was to have a 3,000 mile range at a cruising speed of 100 mph and a maximum gross weight of 25,000 lbs. - nearly twice that of the XPY-1. Mac Lad-don and the Consolidated engineering team welcomed the challenge of a new design effort, confident that the experience gained during the development of the P2Y and its record breaking performance in fleet operations assured a high probability of success for the new design. The results of their effort was a radical new seaplane, unique enough in design to qualify for a patent (No. 92912 in Mac Laddon's name was issued by the U.S. Patent Office on 31 July 1934). Following a preliminary review of the proposal, the Navy on 28 October 1933, awarded a contract to Consolidated for further development of the design and construction of a...

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FROM THE WORKSHOP

Number 239, June 2001, Flypast magazine

Nigel Price

Nigel Price visits the Super Catalina Restoration team to witness a remarkable project

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CAF Catalina

Number 173, December 1995, Flypast magazine

The Flypast editor gets airborne in this superbly-restored aircraft

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Cataline in the Jungle

Number 193, August 1997, Flypast magazine

Plane Saiilings Catalina left Duxford for a South American Tour

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Preservation Project: Blisters!

Number 103, February 1990, Flypast magazine

Alan Curry

Alan Curry reports from Manchester Airport where Dan-Air have given Plane Sailing's Catalina an attack of blisters

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Long Haul Catalinas

Number 60, July 1986, Flypast magazine

Unarmed, civilian operated Cats kept the vital air-link with Australia in World War Two

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Black Cat

Number 323, June 2008, Flypast magazine

Craig P Justo

A profile of the Australian Historic Aircraft Restoration Society's PBY-6A by Craig P Justo.

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White Cat

Number 323, June 2008, Flypast magazine

David Legg

The story behind the colour scheme chosen for the Duxford-based Plane Sailing 'Cat' explained by David Legg.

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'Splash and Go'

Number 323, June 2008, Flypast magazine

Nigel Price

Nigel Price samples the delights of a Catalina flight experience in the Netherlands.

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Man with a Mission

Volume 34, Issue 01, 2006, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Tim Skeet

Tim Skeet reports from Duxford on the challenges of keeping Plane Sailing's Catalina in the air

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Soviet Catalinas Part Two: Lend-Lease PBYs

Volume 6 Issue 3, Military Aircraft Monthly (was Model Aircraft Monthly )

Vladimir Kotelnikov

Concludes his history and use of US and Soviet license-built Catalinas in Soviet service, with colour profiles by Andrey Yurgenson

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Soviet Catalinas Part One: Catalinas from Taganrog

Volume 6 Issue 2, Military Aircraft Monthly (was Model Aircraft Monthly )

Vladimir Kotelnikov

Describes the history and use of US and Soviet license-built Model 28 PBY-1 Catalinas in Soviet service, with colour profiles by Andrey Yurgenson

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Image of USAF Air Rescue

The Lucky Pigeon

Turner Publishing Company

Includes history of the service and the Air Rescue Association, and biographies of members of the association.

15/06/1997

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Image of PBY Catalina Flying Boat Pilot's Flight Operating Manual

PBY Catalina Flying Boat Pilot's Flight Operating Manual

United States Navy

One of the most widely-used multi-role aircraft of WWII, the Consolidated PBY Catalina was a flying boat to be reckoned with. They were used as anti- submarine warfare platforms in the Atlantic, and gained notoriety in the Pacific as rescue and reconnaisance platforms, and as bombers. With their distinctive fuselages painted the shade of midnight, the "Black Cats" undertook daring raids of Japanese shipping and shore installations. Originally printed by the U.S. Navy during World War 2, this Flight Operating Handbook taught pilots everything they needed to know before entering the cockpit. Classified "Restricted", the manual was recently declassified and is here reprinted in book form. This affordable facsimile has been slightly reformatted. Care has been taken however to preserve the integrity of the text.

4/06/2007

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Image of In the Hands of Fate: The Story of Patrol Wing Ten: 8 December 1941 - 11 May 1942

In the Hands of Fate: The Story of Patrol Wing Ten : 8 December 1941-11 May 1942

Dwight R Messimer

In the Hands of Fate: The Story of Patrol Wing Ten : 8 December 1941-11 May 1942 [Hardcover]

1/06/1985

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Image of Black Cat Raiders of WW II

Black Cat Raiders of World War II

Richard C Knott

Thanks to the PBY's daring pilots and their effective tactics, the slow outdated Catalina patrol bombers became the scourge of Japanese shipping in the South Pacific during World War II. Painted black and hunting at night, the Black Cats, as they were called, are credited with sinking or disabling hundreds of thousands of tons of cargo vessels, troop transports, and warships. Curiously their exploits were known to few outside the naval aviation community until the publication of this book in 1981. This testimonial to their magnificent performance is told by an experienced flying boat pilot, who has pieced together the fascinating story from reminiscences of the men who flew the long, arduous missions and from official navy records. It is an inspiring tale of fearless men in machines ill-designed for combat who wreaked havoc on a dangerous and merciless adversary. Illustrated with more than sixty photographs and detailed line drawings, it is a book to be savored by those who like their adventure stories to ring true.

1/09/2000

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Jungle* Catalina

Number 122, September 1991, Flypast magazine

Maurice Wood

/ Maurice Wood reports on the operations of Catalina Z-CAT. flying tourists in style around Africa.

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Cat Lift!

Number 68, March 1987, Flypast magazine

Thanks to a Canadian Armed Forces Chinook, the Atlantic Canada Aviation Museum has gained a Catalina.

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Catalina Splashdown

Number 55, February 1986, Flypast magazine

Britain's resident airworthy Cat made its first water landings for many a long year last August.

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Preservation News

Number 46, May 1985, Flypast magazine

Bumper edition, including a colour feature on Catalina G-BLSC.

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Catalina Rescue

Number 30, January 1984, Flypast magazine

Frank Robinson

Frank Robinson remembers an epic 15 hour patrol in search of survivors from a sunken ship.

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Warplanes in Civvies: Consolidated PBY Catalina

Number 12, July 1982, Flypast magazine

Donald Hannah

In his series on military aircraft used in a civil role Donald Hannah recalls the Catalina flying boat.

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Cutaway Catalina

Number 220, November 1999, Flypast magazine

David Legg

David Legg Describes A Project Underway At Pensacola To Save A Unique Pby.

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Image of US Navy PBY Catalina Units of the Atlantic War (Combat Aircraft)

US Navy PBY Catalina Units of the Atlantic War (Combat Aircraft)

Ragnar Ragnarsson

Several books have been written about US naval air patrol operations in World War II (1939-1945), but none do full justice to the role played by patrol squadrons of the US Navy in the longest, most bitterly fought campaign of the war, the Battle of the Atlantic. From the Arctic to the Equator, anti-submarine aircraft of the US Navy patrolled both sides of the stormy Atlantic alongside their Allied counterparts. They escorted merchant convoys through the submarine-infested waters, protecting the crucial lifeline from the United States to Great Britain and the Mediterranean that carried troops and supplies for the ultimate liberation of North Africa and Europe.

The PBY Catalina, in which most of these vital missions were flown, was the most successful flying boat ever designed. Built in greater numbers than any other, it served the maritime air forces of all principle Allied nations, as well as the four branches of the US military. Except for a handful of Martin PBM Mariners, the Catalina was the only long range patrol bomber in the US Navy's inventory when the USA entered World War II. Though considered obsolete in 1939, it served in significant numbers until war's end and for many years after. Its total contribution to victory can only be surmised and the number of ships and lives saved by the PBY's mere presence over convoys will never be known. However, US Navy PBYs sank 19 Axis submarines, all identified by the author from contemporary evidence. Photographs of the Catalina in service in the Atlantic are rare but the author has assembled over 80 through research in official archives and private collections.

Related Titles
PV Ventura/Harpoon Units of World War II (Combat)
Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939-45 (New Vanguard)
Sunderland Squadrons of World War II (Combat)

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Image of Atlantic Air War

Atlantic Air War

John W Lambert

This work contains vintage photos (most never-before published) of the epic World War II air/sea battle in the North Atlantic. Geographical coverage ranges from the North Atlantic to the Caribbean and includes B-24s, PBYs, Short Sunderlands, Armstrong Whitworth Whitleys, Lockheed Hudsons and Venturas, Grumman Avengers, and Wildcats.

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Image of Arctic Airmen: The RAF in Spitsbergen and North Russia, 1942

Arctic Airmen: The RAF in Spitsbergen and North Russia, 1942

Ernest Schofield

An exciting, highly illustrated, book detailing the experiences of the British air crew as they carried out secret operations including a trip to the North Pole, and their later exploits, all carefully researched and including accounts from German sources and survivors of the crew.

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Preservation Profile

Volume 26, Issue 02, 1998, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

David Legg chronicles the history of Plane Sailing Air Displays' PBY-5A Catalina VP-BPS

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A Lifetime Aloft

Volume 23, Issue 08, 1995, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

James Powell

Air Commodore Griffith James "Taffy" Powell continues his four-part account of his RAF and airline career

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Fritton kitten

Volume 20, Issue 08, 1992, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Exclusive report on the recent visit by Planesailing's Catalina G-BLSC Killer Car to Fritton Lake in Norfolk

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Qantas Cat ops -part 2

Volume 14, Issue 12, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

LR Ambrose

The engineering and weather problems encountered by the Catalinas of Qantas's wartime Indian Ocean service are described by Capt L. Ft. Ambrose in his first-hand report written in 1945

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Qantas Cat ops -part 1

Volume 14, Issue 11, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

LR Ambrose

First of a three-part series telling the history of the wartime Qantas Catalina service that linked Australia, Ceylon and India, thus keeping the Empire route open to the United Kingdom-told by Capt L. R. Ambrose, a senior pilot of the Indian Ocean service

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Arctic venture -part 5

Volume 14, Issue 06, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Roy Nesbit

Roy Nesbit concludes his account of RAF Catalina operations in the Arctic during the Second World War. In the final part Fit Lt "Tim" Healy, who is nearing the end of his tour with 210 Squadron, flies a final mission to North Russia on convoy protect/on duties

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Arctic venture -part 4

Volume 14, Issue 05, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Roy Nesbit

Roy Nesbit continues his account of RAF Catalina operations in the Arctic during the Second World War In Part Four 210 Squadron goes to the aid of the Operation Fntham survivors, and embarks on the North Pole flight

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Arctic venture -part 3

Volume 14, Issue 04, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Roy Nesbit

Roy Nesbit continues his account of RAF Catalina operations in the Arctic during the Second World War. In Part Three he describes the disastrous Operation Fritham the Allied attempt to occupy the islands of Spitsbergen

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Arctic venture -part 2

Volume 14, Issue 03, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Roy Nesbit

Roy Nesbit continues his account of RAF Catalina operations in the Arctic during the Second World War. In Part Two he describes the preparations for a flight over the North Pole

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Arctic venture -part 1

Volume 14, Issue 02, 1986, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Roy Nesbit

Roy Nesbit begins a five-part article on RAF Catalina flying-boat operations inside the Arctic Circle during World War Two In Part One he describes the background to Operation Fntham. fhe 7942 Allied plan to occupy the islands of Spitsbergen to protect the northern convoy route

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New life for an old Cat

Volume 13, Issue 07, 1985, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Russell Mason

Russell Mason describes the recent ferry flight of Planesailing's PBY-5A Catalina from South Africa to RAF Mansion

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Last Cat up the Amazon?

Volume 10, Issue 07, 1982, Aeroplane / Aeroplane Monthly

Michael Turner

Aviation artist Michael Turner downed his brushes early this year and flew up the Amazon in a Brazilian Air Force PBY-5 Catalina

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Catalinas Downunder

Volume 16, Issue 5, October 2009, Classic Wings Magazine

It has been over a decade since we looked at the subject of surviving Catalina flying boats and amphibians in Australia and New Zealand. To say that the type has enjoyed a healthy growth in popularity during this time would be an understatement, as the number of PBYs preserved down under has doubled, whilst the number of flying examples has quadrupled! We take a look at the histories and current status of all of these lovely old ladies.

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Capturing a Canso

Volume 16, Issue 1, January 2009, Classic Wings Magazine

Canadian based Classic Wings photographer Doug Fisher was recently able to

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Catalina - A Vision Realised!

Volume 5, Issue 5, October 1998, Classic Wings Magazine

A little over six years ago a meeting was held in Auckland to discuss what had to be considered an outrageous proposal.

On the agenda was the formation of a group created to source, acquire and return to New Zealand, a World War II Catalina flying boat.

It may have seemed unrealistic at the time, but as the group sat in silence listening to the speaker, a common image was forming in all those gathered minds - that of a restored Catalina, airborne over New Zealand, wearing the original colours carried by the RNZAF PBY fleet.

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Aircraft Profile 183 - Consolidated PBY Catalina

Profile Publications Everett Cassagneres

The Consolidated PBY, named "Catalina" by the R.A.F., earned everlasting fame during the Second World War for its reliability, versatility and ability to absorb tremendous punishment. In the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic Oceans it gained the respect, admiration and affection of the men who flew it. Today, over 30 years after the first flight, the Catalina has a considerable future and will probably be a familiar sight in the skies of the world for many years to come.
More PBY's were built than any other flying-boat during the Second World War and, during and after the conflict, served with over twenty countries. Although slow and vulnerable to enemy fighters, they could fly tremendous distances both on patrol and tracking duties. Besides air-sea rescue duties, they also strafed enemy positions and launched torpedoes; ,without them the U.S. Forces would have lacked the flexibility that was to characterise their efforts.
The PBY was designed by the Consolidated-Vultee...

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Catalina

Number 57 , 1989, Wingspan/Planes Magazine

Philip Moyes

Philip Moyes profiles this big twin-engined flying boat and its WW2 operational service

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